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High-Quality Arts Programs Show Benefits Both for ‘Tweens’ And Local Boys & Girls Clubs, New Study Finds

November 15, 2018

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The Wallace Foundation
Jessica Schwartz 

The Hatcher Group
Ann Bradley 


 High-Quality Arts Programs Show Benefits Both for ‘Tweens’
And Local Boys & Girls Clubs, New Study Finds

Afterschool arts found to ‘spark’ youth interest, boost retention

New York Tweens are notoriously tough to attract and retain in youth-serving programs, but  organizations that created and managed high-quality afterschool arts programs were able to do that, sparking young people’s interest in the arts, according to a new study from Research for Action and McClanahan Associates.

Many young people who live in high-poverty communities grow up without exposure to the arts, and even fewer receive artistic training, despite clear evidence of the advantages of arts education for youth. In response, Boys & Girls Clubs of America, with funding from The Wallace Foundation, developed and implemented the Youth Arts Initiative (YAI), which offers high-quality arts skill-development classes to tweens in three Clubs in the Midwest.

The new study, Designing for Engagement: The Experiences of Tweens in the Boys & Girls Clubs’ Youth Arts Initiative, is the second of four planned reports on the Youth Arts Initiative. The Wallace-commissioned study examined whether afterschool arts programs using 10 success principles could, in fact, attract young participants and provide benefits. 

“Families, Club staff, and tweens themselves said that participants honed more than just their new artistic skills—they developed social and emotional learning competencies related to self-awareness, self-management and relationship skills,” said Wendy McClanahan, an author of the report. 

“This research found that while tweens are a difficult population for out-of-school-time programs to attract, high-quality arts programs did engage them, and more than half participated regularly,” added Research for Action’s Tracey Hartmann, the report’s other lead author. 

The Clubs created arts programs—in subjects such as digital, performing, and visual arts—taught by “teaching artists” in high-quality professional spaces at the Clubs, located in St. Cloud, Minn., and in Milwaukee and Green Bay, Wis. Together, the three Clubs served a total of 1,280 “tweens,” or young people between the ages of 10 and 14, during the years studied. The first phase of the initiative, aimed at young people from low-income households, began in 2014 as the three Clubs applied a set of 10 Principles for Success for afterschool arts programs, which were described in a 2013 Wallace-commissioned study that surveyed small, arts-focused organizations.   

The 10 “Success Principles”such as the establishment of high expectations, employment of professional teaching artists and the creation of well-equipped spaces—didn’t just help teach artistic skills, the report suggests. They also instilled a passion for the arts, or “spark,” that kept tweens interested long enough to learn and appreciate these skills. These sparks kept young people engaged; most students enrolled in intensive skill-development classes returned the following year.

Further, both students and the Clubs benefitted. In interviews and surveys, families reported that students had greater discipline, drive, confidence, and social competence than they did before they enrolled in the new programs. At the same time, Clubs reported that the students participating in arts programs were more likely to partake in other Club activities and at a greater rate than other Club members.

"Boys & Girls Clubs are not only a safe and fun place for tweens after school, but a place for them to open their minds and take in new learning experiences and opportunities,” said Jim Clark, president and CEO of Boys & Girls Clubs of America. “Thanks to The Wallace Foundation, we can continue to fulfill our mission of helping Club members achieve a great future through high-quality arts programs and other impactful experiences.”

The report details the successes of BGCA’s efforts, the challenges clubhouses faced, and recommendations for other youth-serving organizations contemplating similar programs. Among its recommendations: 

Make the arts visible and valued. Dedicated spaces, near-professional equipment, well-trained teaching artists, and high-profile events demonstrate Clubs’ commitment and help draw young people to arts programs.

Set high expectations, and help tweens reach them. The demands of the new programs, such as their strict attendance requirements, did not deter enrollees, as Clubs feared. In fact, coupled with adult encouragement, strong youth development practices and some flexibility when necessary, these demands proved to be powerful motivators for most tweens.

Families are important, too. Teaching artists had to maintain regular communications with parents and caretakers to ensure tweens had the time and support they needed to develop their skills and interest in the arts.

But challenges remain. Clubs still have hurdles to overcome. Chief among them are complications that arise in sustaining the programs and replacing the sizable influx of Wallace support necessary to set up the new programs, support that created some tension with other programs that operate with far fewer resources.

“This important new report confirms that these programs helped young people develop a passion for the arts and kept them engaged,” said Edward Pauly, director of research at The Wallace Foundation. “These findings build on what we learned from the prior study: that success principles gleaned from small, high-quality, arts-focused programs can help draw and retain young people at large youth-serving organizations like Boys & Girls Clubs.”

The first study of the Youth Arts Initiative, Raising the Barre + Stretching the Canvas: Implementing High Quality Arts Programming in a National Youth Serving Organization, explored how the local Clubs, with assistance from the Boys & Girls Clubs of America national headquarters, used principles from The Wallace Foundation’s study Something to Say: Success Principles for Afterschool Arts Programs from Urban Youth and Other Experts to transform their existing arts-and-crafts programs into opportunities for the tweens to develop their own artistic skills.

Further research on the Youth Arts Initiative will explore ways to retain the quality and benefits found by the study, while lowering the costs per child served by the afterschool programs.


About The Wallace Foundation
The Wallace Foundation seeks to improve education and enrichment for disadvantaged children and foster the vitality of arts for everyone. The foundation has an unusual approach: funding efforts to test innovative ideas for solving important public problems, conducting research to find out what works and what doesn’t and to fill key knowledge gaps – and then communicating the results to help others. Wallace, which works nationally, has five major initiatives under way:

  • School leadership: Strengthening education leadership to improve student achievement.
  • Afterschool: Helping cities make good afterschool time programs available to many more children.
  • Building audiences for the arts: Enabling arts organizations to bring the arts to a broader and more diverse group of people.
  • Arts education: Expanding arts learning opportunities for children and teens.
  • Social and emotional learning: Aligning and improving opportunities for social and emotional learning for children across school and out-of-school-time settings. Summer and expanded learning: Improving summer learning opportunities for disadvantaged children, and enriching and expanding the school day.

Find out more at

About Boys & Girls Clubs of America
For more than 150 years, Boys & Girls Clubs of America ( has enabled young people most in need to achieve great futures as productive, caring, responsible citizens. Today, 4,400 Clubs serve 4 million young people through Club membership and community outreach. Clubs are located in cities, towns, public housing and on Native lands throughout the country, and serve military families in BGCA-affiliated Youth Centers on U.S. military installations worldwide. They provide a safe place, caring adult mentors, fun and friendship, and high-impact youth development programs on a daily basis during critical non-school hours. Club programs promote academic success, good character and citizenship, and healthy lifestyles. In a Harris Survey of alumni, 54 percent said the Club saved their lives. National headquarters are located in Atlanta. Learn more at on Facebook and Twitter.

About Research for Action
Research for Action (RFA) is a Philadelphia-based nonprofit education research organization. RFA seeks to use research as the basis for the improvement of educational opportunities and outcomes for traditionally underserved students. Our work is designed to strengthen public schools and postsecondary institutions; provide research-based recommendations to policymakers, practitioners and the public at the local, state and national levels; and enrich the civic and community dialogue about public education. Learn more at


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